The Halabja Massacre, officially defined by the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal as a genocidal massacre against the Kurdish people in Iraq under Saddam Hussein, killing between 3,200-5,000 people, and injuring 7,000-10,000 more.

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Ahmadawa waterfall


With multiple tourists at the waterfall
Halabja monument

memorial dedicated to the victims of a 1988 chemical attack on Kurds of Iraq's Halabja was opened in the Hague on Tuesday. The "Monument of Halabja Massacre" was placed in the garden of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons headquarters in a ceremony attended by Iraq's Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, the head of the chemical weapons watchdog Ahmet Uzumcu and the mayor of the Hague, Jozias Johannes van Aartsen, along with Iraqi Kurdish officials. Between 5,000 and 7,000 Kurds are estimated to have been killed during the Iran-Iraq war when forces loyal to Saddam Hussein dropped toxic Mustard and Sarin gases on Halabja. Thousands of others died of complications, illnesses and birth defects in the following years. Many Halabja residents still suffer the physical effects of the attacks

Martyrs monument
Iranian border (Byara village)

Last village in Iraqi Kurdistan. Here you can step into Iranian territory.

Iran and iraq border
Mass grave

Mass grave of chemical attack

Mass grave